Chattel Mortgage vs Lease vs Hire Purchase (CHP)

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Small
Business Loans

Get approved for a small business loan within 24 hours and get funding for your business. Apply today and get assessed for approval using only your bank statements.

Loans up to $500,000
Up to 5 year term
Interest rates from 5.00%
Assessed within 24 hours
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Unsecured
Business Loans

Cover unexpected expenses or grow your business with same-day approvals on unsecured business loans. Access business finance up to $150k with no security required.

Loans up to $1,000,000
Up to 3 year term
Interest rates from 12.00%
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Business
Line of Credit

Access the money you need instantly with a business line of credit. One-time approval and only pay interest on the amount drawn. Get funded within 24 hours.

Loans up to $5,000,000
Up to 3 year term (non-revolving)
Interest rates from 5.00%
Assessed within 48 hours
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Business
Overdraft

Secured or unsecured business overdrafts are ideal for businesses with high turnover needing fast, secure access to finance. Only accrue interest on amount withdrawn and access cash flow any time.

Loans up to $500,000
Up to 5 year term
Interest rates from 14.95%
Assessed within 24 hours
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Equipment
Finance

Get the equipment you need with a range of equipment finance options. Funding offered for buying new assets or replacing and upgrading existing assets - fast approval and no-deposit lenders available.

Loans up to $1,000,000+
Up to 5 year term
Interest rates from 4.49%
Assessed within 24 hours
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Chattel
Mortgage

Buy vehicles or equipment for your business and get big tax deductions with a chattel mortgage. Immediate ownership benefits of any assets funded and same-day approval on the majority of applications.

Loans up to 100% of asset cost
Up to 5 year term
Interest rates from 4.79%
Assessed within 48 hours
See if you qualify

Invoice
Finance

Release vital cash flow and take control of your business with invoice finance. Compare a range of invoice finance options and get fast access to crucial business funds.

Loans up to $1,000,000+
12+ month term
Interest rates from 1.5%
Assessed within 24 hours
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Traditional
Bank Loan

Compare bank loans to find low-cost, long-term finance for well-established businesses & asset-backed individuals seeking competitive rates on finance.

Loans up to $10,000,000
Up to 30 year term
Interest rates from 4.05%
Assessed within 3 weeks
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Personal
Loan

Find a personal loan that suits you. Fixed-rates & set repayments so you can finance your business today. Secured & unsecured personal loans available to help reach your goals.

Loans up to $100,000
Up to 7 year term
Interest rates from 6.99%
Assessed within 24 hours
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How to compare chattel mortgage vs lease vs hire purchase

A chattel mortgage, finance or operating lease, and commercial hire purchase (CHP) are all forms of equipment finance available to businesses in Australia. Each type of equipment finance offers different levels of asset ownership and business tax benefits. For example, there are chattel mortgage GST benefits, and business tax deductions on lease payments.

If you want to compare a chattel mortgage with a lease and commercial hire purchase, the first consideration is what kind of asset or assets you’ll be wanting to acquire for your business. You can finance vehicles, equipment, or machinery for a business through these types of commercial finance, but understanding how they work will help you decide which will benefit you and your business the most.

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Chattel Mortgage vs Lease vs Commercial Hire Purchase comparison

Type of finance Common use Asset Value Asset Lifespan Asset Ownership
Chattel Mortgage Vehicles Machinery High Long-term Full ownership
Finance Lease Large machinery, Medical Equipment High Long-term Ownership benefits
Operating Lease IT equipment, Telco equipment Low Short-term Part ownership
Commercial Hire Purchase Tools, Equipment, Vehicles Medium Medium-term No ownership

Chattel Mortgage Advantages

A chattel mortgage gives a business full ownership of the assets funded by a lender. A chattel mortgage will generally have low interest rates, as the assets obtained through a chattel mortgage will always act as security on the loan itself. A business can also claim the initial GST amount of the asset’s purchase price when using a chattel mortgage.

Chattel Mortgage Positives and Negatives

Positives   ✓ Negatives   ✘
  • Asset is recorded on your balance sheet
  • Any residual balance (balloon) is not tax deductible
  • Claim the initial purchase-price GST up to $5,234 back on your next BAS
  • Accounting work involved in claiming GST and deductions
  • Claim depreciation on the vehicle in your tax return
  • You can’t sell or dispose of the asset during the term
  • All interest is tax deductible

Chattel Mortgage GST Benefits

Once a chattel mortgage is established through a lender, a business can claim the GST on the initial purchase price of the vehicle as an input tax credit on its next Business Activity Statement (BAS). To do so, your business will need to be registered for GST on a cash basis - i.e. your business records income and expenses when they occur.

The maximum amount of GST you can claim on an asset is 1/11th of the cost limit set each year by Australian Tax Office. The cost limit includes both GST and depreciation, and for 2019 is set at $57,581. This means the maximum amount of GST you can currently claim on a vehicle is $5,234.

Money Tip
Money Tip Image

A balloon payment on a chattel mortgage can help reduce the agreed repayment amount, freeing up business cash flow.

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Professional lady comparing lease options

Types of Lease available to Australian businesses

There are two main types of business lease in Australia: a finance lease, and an operating lease. To decide which type of lease may best suit your business needs, it’s important to understand the distinctions between the two and what they are commonly used for.

A crane delivering equipment

Finance Lease

A mid-to-long-term lease used for high-value purchases - such as medical equipment, and your business will take on both the risks and benefits of owning the asset.

A delivery van with a package

Operating Lease

A short-to-mid-term lease used for assets which may become quickly obsolete - such as computers and IT equipment - and the lender will take on both the risks and benefits of ownership.

Finance Lease Advantages

The main advantage of a finance lease is low interest rates in comparison to other types of equipment finance. Your business will have both the use of business equipment and the benefits of ownership, while the lender will have actual ownership of the asset, which means there is very low risk to the lender. You may also be able to claim tax on your finance lease payments.

Finance Lease Positives and Negatives

Positives   ✓ Negatives   ✘
  • No deposit
  • You won’t own the asset
  • Your equipment does not sit on your books as an asset or liability
  • Responsible for maintenance and running costs
  • Tax deductions for the lease payments
  • Responsible for repairs and damage

Operating Lease Advantages

The main benefit of an operating lease is that your business can commonly upgrade the assets purchased within the lease period. This is highly beneficial for businesses purchasing IT equipment, as these types of assets often become obsolete within a few years. Your business can also claim tax on your rental payments.

Operating Lease Positives and Negatives

Positives   ✓ Negatives   ✘
  • Can be more cost effective than paying cash for equipment with a short lifespan
  • The business can’t sell or modify the asset without the lessor’s permission
  • Rental payments may be claimed as a tax deduction, which may be more tax effective than other forms of finance
  • When the lease expires, the terms of that lease are void. The business may need to renegotiate the lease with the lender each time

Commercial Hire Purchase (CHP) Advantages

The main benefit of a commercial hire purchase is that your business will own the asset at the end of your agreement. Your business will benefit from not needing to purchase the asset outright, which frees up cash flow on medium-value assets such as office furniture or power tools. For this reason, hospitality businesses often use hire purchase agreements to finance commercial kitchen equipment.

Commercial Hire Purchase (CHP) Positives and Negatives

Positives   ✓ Negatives   ✘
  • You will own the asset at the end of the term
  • The lender can reclaim the asset if you don’t meet your payment obligations
  • GST is not charged on the monthly rental or residual payment
  • Not suitable for assets with a short life span
  • Tax deduction when the vehicle is used for business purposes
  • You’ll pay more over time for the asset you are financing through hire purchase than if you bought it outright

Common businesses choosing chattel mortgage vs lease vs hire purchase

Chattel Mortgage Finance Lease Operating Lease Hire Purchase
Hospitality - Restaurants and Cafes Fit-outs, Company Cars Brewery equipment IT and Payment Systems Commercial kitchen equipment
Construction and Mining High-value equipment High-value equipment Low-value equipment Mid-value equipment
Medical Fit-outs, Company Cars Medical Equipment IT and Payment Systems Office furniture
Retail Fit-outs, Company Cars Not often used IT and Payment Systems Store furniture
Tradespeople Vehicles High-value tools Low-value tools Mid-value Tools
Manufacturing Manufacturing equipment Manufacturing equipment Not often used Not often used

Chattel Mortgage vs Lease vs Hire Purchase (CHP) Summary

Choosing between a chattel mortgage, lease, or hire purchase will depend on the type of business you operate, your financial circumstances (such as whether you need access to cash flow), your tax position (for chattel mortgage GST benefits) and the type of the asset you wish to purchase. You’ll also want to consider:

  • How much your business will pay on finance in terms of interest and fees

  • If you will require ownership of the asset

  • If you need to upgrade the asset during the term of your finance agreement

  • The amount of GST or tax your business can claim

  • What you would like to happen to the equipment at the end of the finance term

Chattel Mortgage vs Lease vs Hire Purchase (CHP) FAQs

What are Chattel Mortgage GST benefits?


The GST benefits of a chattel mortgage are available to businesses registered for GST and operating on a cash basis. A cash basis means your business records expenses and income as they occur - this allows you to claim back the initial purchase-price GST on your next business activity statement (BAS).

What is the difference between a chattel mortgage, lease, and hire purchase?


The differences between a chattel mortgage, lease, and a hire purchase agreement are levels of asset ownership for the business and varying degrees of tax benefits. While all of these types of business finance are used to purchase equipment, vehicles, and machinery, understanding their differences could save you money and provide access to vital business cash flow.

Where can I get a chattel mortgage, lease or hire purchase?


A chattel mortgage, lease, and hire purchase are all available from a variety of lenders in Australia - including banks, non-bank lenders, and specialist asset finance lenders. You can read about where to apply and how to qualify in our equipment finance guide.

How can I compare interest rates and asset types?


Interest rates on a chattel mortgage, lease, and hire purchase will vary depending on the type of finance you choose and the specific asset or assets you wish to purchase. To understand how asset types and age affect interest rates, you can read our guide on how to compare equipment finance interest rates.

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